Sample tokenized documents randomly from a tokens object, with or without replacement. Works just as sample works, for document-level units (and their associated document-level variables).

tokens_sample(x, size = ndoc(x), replace = FALSE, prob = NULL)

Arguments

x

the tokens object whose documents will be sampled

size

a positive number, the number of documents or features to select

replace

logical; should sampling be with replacement?

prob

a vector of probability weights for obtaining the elements of the vector being sampled.

Value

A tokens object with number of documents or features equal to size, drawn from the tokens x.

See also

Examples

set.seed(10) toks <- tokens(data_corpus_inaugural[1:10]) head(toks)
#> tokens from 6 documents. #> 1789-Washington : #> [1] "Fellow-Citizens" "of" "the" "Senate" #> [5] "and" "of" "the" "House" #> [9] "of" "Representatives" ":" "Among" #> [13] "the" "vicissitudes" "incident" "to" #> [17] "life" "no" "event" "could" #> [21] "have" "filled" "me" "with" #> [25] "greater" "anxieties" "than" "that" #> [29] "of" "which" "the" "notification" #> [33] "was" "transmitted" "by" "your" #> [37] "order" "," "and" "received" #> [41] "on" "the" "14th" "day" #> [45] "of" "the" "present" "month" #> [49] "." "On" "the" "one" #> [53] "hand" "," "I" "was" #> [57] "summoned" "by" "my" "Country" #> [61] "," "whose" "voice" "I" #> [65] "can" "never" "hear" "but" #> [69] "with" "veneration" "and" "love" #> [73] "," "from" "a" "retreat" #> [77] "which" "I" "had" "chosen" #> [81] "with" "the" "fondest" "predilection" #> [85] "," "and" "," "in" #> [89] "my" "flattering" "hopes" "," #> [93] "with" "an" "immutable" "decision" #> [97] "," "as" "the" "asylum" #> [101] "of" "my" "declining" "years" #> [105] "-" "-" "a" "retreat" #> [109] "which" "was" "rendered" "every" #> [113] "day" "more" "necessary" "as" #> [117] "well" "as" "more" "dear" #> [121] "to" "me" "by" "the" #> [125] "addition" "of" "habit" "to" #> [129] "inclination" "," "and" "of" #> [133] "frequent" "interruptions" "in" "my" #> [137] "health" "to" "the" "gradual" #> [141] "waste" "committed" "on" "it" #> [145] "by" "time" "." "On" #> [149] "the" "other" "hand" "," #> [153] "the" "magnitude" "and" "difficulty" #> [157] "of" "the" "trust" "to" #> [161] "which" "the" "voice" "of" #> [165] "my" "country" "called" "me" #> [169] "," "being" "sufficient" "to" #> [173] "awaken" "in" "the" "wisest" #> [177] "and" "most" "experienced" "of" #> [181] "her" "citizens" "a" "distrustful" #> [185] "scrutiny" "into" "his" "qualifications" #> [189] "," "could" "not" "but" #> [193] "overwhelm" "with" "despondence" "one" #> [197] "who" "(" "inheriting" "inferior" #> [201] "endowments" "from" "nature" "and" #> [205] "unpracticed" "in" "the" "duties" #> [209] "of" "civil" "administration" ")" #> [213] "ought" "to" "be" "peculiarly" #> [217] "conscious" "of" "his" "own" #> [221] "deficiencies" "." "In" "this" #> [225] "conflict" "of" "emotions" "all" #> [229] "I" "dare" "aver" "is" #> [233] "that" "it" "has" "been" #> [237] "my" "faithful" "study" "to" #> [241] "collect" "my" "duty" "from" #> [245] "a" "just" "appreciation" "of" #> [249] "every" "circumstance" "by" "which" #> [253] "it" "might" "be" "affected" #> [257] "." "All" "I" "dare" #> [261] "hope" "is" "that" "if" #> [265] "," "in" "executing" "this" #> [269] "task" "," "I" "have" #> [273] "been" "too" "much" "swayed" #> [277] "by" "a" "grateful" "remembrance" #> [281] "of" "former" "instances" "," #> [285] "or" "by" "an" "affectionate" #> [289] "sensibility" "to" "this" "transcendent" #> [293] "proof" "of" "the" "confidence" #> [297] "of" "my" "fellow" "citizens" #> [301] "," "and" "have" "thence" #> [305] "too" "little" "consulted" "my" #> [309] "incapacity" "as" "well" "as" #> [313] "disinclination" "for" "the" "weighty" #> [317] "and" "untried" "cares" "before" #> [321] "me" "," "my" "error" #> [325] "will" "be" "palliated" "by" #> [329] "the" "motives" "which" "mislead" #> [333] "me" "," "and" "its" #> [337] "consequences" "be" "judged" "by" #> [341] "my" "country" "with" "some" #> [345] "share" "of" "the" "partiality" #> [349] "in" "which" "they" "originated" #> [353] "." "Such" "being" "the" #> [357] "impressions" "under" "which" "I" #> [361] "have" "," "in" "obedience" #> [365] "to" "the" "public" "summons" #> [369] "," "repaired" "to" "the" #> [373] "present" "station" "," "it" #> [377] "would" "be" "peculiarly" "improper" #> [381] "to" "omit" "in" "this" #> [385] "first" "official" "act" "my" #> [389] "fervent" "supplications" "to" "that" #> [393] "Almighty" "Being" "who" "rules" #> [397] "over" "the" "universe" "," #> [401] "who" "presides" "in" "the" #> [405] "councils" "of" "nations" "," #> [409] "and" "whose" "providential" "aids" #> [413] "can" "supply" "every" "human" #> [417] "defect" "," "that" "His" #> [421] "benediction" "may" "consecrate" "to" #> [425] "the" "liberties" "and" "happiness" #> [429] "of" "the" "people" "of" #> [433] "the" "United" "States" "a" #> [437] "Government" "instituted" "by" "themselves" #> [441] "for" "these" "essential" "purposes" #> [445] "," "and" "may" "enable" #> [449] "every" "instrument" "employed" "in" #> [453] "its" "administration" "to" "execute" #> [457] "with" "success" "the" "functions" #> [461] "allotted" "to" "his" "charge" #> [465] "." "In" "tendering" "this" #> [469] "homage" "to" "the" "Great" #> [473] "Author" "of" "every" "public" #> [477] "and" "private" "good" "," #> [481] "I" "assure" "myself" "that" #> [485] "it" "expresses" "your" "sentiments" #> [489] "not" "less" "than" "my" #> [493] "own" "," "nor" "those" #> [497] "of" "my" "fellow" "citizens" #> [501] "at" "large" "less" "than" #> [505] "either" "." "No" "people" #> [509] "can" "be" "bound" "to" #> [513] "acknowledge" "and" "adore" "the" #> [517] "Invisible" "Hand" "which" "conducts" #> [521] "the" "affairs" "of" "men" #> [525] "more" "than" "those" "of" #> [529] "the" "United" "States" "." #> [533] "Every" "step" "by" "which" #> [537] "they" "have" "advanced" "to" #> [541] "the" "character" "of" "an" #> [545] "independent" "nation" "seems" "to" #> [549] "have" "been" "distinguished" "by" #> [553] "some" "token" "of" "providential" #> [557] "agency" ";" "and" "in" #> [561] "the" "important" "revolution" "just" #> [565] "accomplished" "in" "the" "system" #> [569] "of" "their" "united" "government" #> [573] "the" "tranquil" "deliberations" "and" #> [577] "voluntary" "consent" "of" "so" #> [581] "many" "distinct" "communities" "from" #> [585] "which" "the" "event" "has" #> [589] "resulted" "can" "not" "be" #> [593] "compared" "with" "the" "means" #> [597] "by" "which" "most" "governments" #> [601] "have" "been" "established" "without" #> [605] "some" "return" "of" "pious" #> [609] "gratitude" "," "along" "with" #> [613] "an" "humble" "anticipation" "of" #> [617] "the" "future" "blessings" "which" #> [621] "the" "past" "seem" "to" #> [625] "presage" "." "These" "reflections" #> [629] "," "arising" "out" "of" #> [633] "the" "present" "crisis" "," #> [637] "have" "forced" "themselves" "too" #> [641] "strongly" "on" "my" "mind" #> [645] "to" "be" "suppressed" "." #> [649] "You" "will" "join" "with" #> [653] "me" "," "I" "trust" #> [657] "," "in" "thinking" "that" #> [661] "there" "are" "none" "under" #> [665] "the" "influence" "of" "which" #> [669] "the" "proceedings" "of" "a" #> [673] "new" "and" "free" "government" #> [677] "can" "more" "auspiciously" "commence" #> [681] "." "By" "the" "article" #> [685] "establishing" "the" "executive" "department" #> [689] "it" "is" "made" "the" #> [693] "duty" "of" "the" "President" #> [697] "\"" "to" "recommend" "to" #> [701] "your" "consideration" "such" "measures" #> [705] "as" "he" "shall" "judge" #> [709] "necessary" "and" "expedient" "." #> [713] "\"" "The" "circumstances" "under" #> [717] "which" "I" "now" "meet" #> [721] "you" "will" "acquit" "me" #> [725] "from" "entering" "into" "that" #> [729] "subject" "further" "than" "to" #> [733] "refer" "to" "the" "great" #> [737] "constitutional" "charter" "under" "which" #> [741] "you" "are" "assembled" "," #> [745] "and" "which" "," "in" #> [749] "defining" "your" "powers" "," #> [753] "designates" "the" "objects" "to" #> [757] "which" "your" "attention" "is" #> [761] "to" "be" "given" "." #> [765] "It" "will" "be" "more" #> [769] "consistent" "with" "those" "circumstances" #> [773] "," "and" "far" "more" #> [777] "congenial" "with" "the" "feelings" #> [781] "which" "actuate" "me" "," #> [785] "to" "substitute" "," "in" #> [789] "place" "of" "a" "recommendation" #> [793] "of" "particular" "measures" "," #> [797] "the" "tribute" "that" "is" #> [801] "due" "to" "the" "talents" #> [805] "," "the" "rectitude" "," #> [809] "and" "the" "patriotism" "which" #> [813] "adorn" "the" "characters" "selected" #> [817] "to" "devise" "and" "adopt" #> [821] "them" "." "In" "these" #> [825] "honorable" "qualifications" "I" "behold" #> [829] "the" "surest" "pledges" "that" #> [833] "as" "on" "one" "side" #> [837] "no" "local" "prejudices" "or" #> [841] "attachments" "," "no" "separate" #> [845] "views" "nor" "party" "animosities" #> [849] "," "will" "misdirect" "the" #> [853] "comprehensive" "and" "equal" "eye" #> [857] "which" "ought" "to" "watch" #> [861] "over" "this" "great" "assemblage" #> [865] "of" "communities" "and" "interests" #> [869] "," "so" "," "on" #> [873] "another" "," "that" "the" #> [877] "foundation" "of" "our" "national" #> [881] "policy" "will" "be" "laid" #> [885] "in" "the" "pure" "and" #> [889] "immutable" "principles" "of" "private" #> [893] "morality" "," "and" "the" #> [897] "preeminence" "of" "free" "government" #> [901] "be" "exemplified" "by" "all" #> [905] "the" "attributes" "which" "can" #> [909] "win" "the" "affections" "of" #> [913] "its" "citizens" "and" "command" #> [917] "the" "respect" "of" "the" #> [921] "world" "." "I" "dwell" #> [925] "on" "this" "prospect" "with" #> [929] "every" "satisfaction" "which" "an" #> [933] "ardent" "love" "for" "my" #> [937] "country" "can" "inspire" "," #> [941] "since" "there" "is" "no" #> [945] "truth" "more" "thoroughly" "established" #> [949] "than" "that" "there" "exists" #> [953] "in" "the" "economy" "and" #> [957] "course" "of" "nature" "an" #> [961] "indissoluble" "union" "between" "virtue" #> [965] "and" "happiness" ";" "between" #> [969] "duty" "and" "advantage" ";" #> [973] "between" "the" "genuine" "maxims" #> [977] "of" "an" "honest" "and" #> [981] "magnanimous" "policy" "and" "the" #> [985] "solid" "rewards" "of" "public" #> [989] "prosperity" "and" "felicity" ";" #> [993] "since" "we" "ought" "to" #> [997] "be" "no" "less" "persuaded" #> [1001] "that" "the" "propitious" "smiles" #> [1005] "of" "Heaven" "can" "never" #> [1009] "be" "expected" "on" "a" #> [1013] "nation" "that" "disregards" "the" #> [1017] "eternal" "rules" "of" "order" #> [1021] "and" "right" "which" "Heaven" #> [1025] "itself" "has" "ordained" ";" #> [1029] "and" "since" "the" "preservation" #> [1033] "of" "the" "sacred" "fire" #> [1037] "of" "liberty" "and" "the" #> [1041] "destiny" "of" "the" "republican" #> [1045] "model" "of" "government" "are" #> [1049] "justly" "considered" "," "perhaps" #> [1053] "," "as" "deeply" "," #> [1057] "as" "finally" "," "staked" #> [1061] "on" "the" "experiment" "entrusted" #> [1065] "to" "the" "hands" "of" #> [1069] "the" "American" "people" "." #> [1073] "Besides" "the" "ordinary" "objects" #> [1077] "submitted" "to" "your" "care" #> [1081] "," "it" "will" "remain" #> [1085] "with" "your" "judgment" "to" #> [1089] "decide" "how" "far" "an" #> [1093] "exercise" "of" "the" "occasional" #> [1097] "power" "delegated" "by" "the" #> [1101] "fifth" "article" "of" "the" #> [1105] "Constitution" "is" "rendered" "expedient" #> [1109] "at" "the" "present" "juncture" #> [1113] "by" "the" "nature" "of" #> [1117] "objections" "which" "have" "been" #> [1121] "urged" "against" "the" "system" #> [1125] "," "or" "by" "the" #> [1129] "degree" "of" "inquietude" "which" #> [1133] "has" "given" "birth" "to" #> [1137] "them" "." "Instead" "of" #> [1141] "undertaking" "particular" "recommendations" "on" #> [1145] "this" "subject" "," "in" #> [1149] "which" "I" "could" "be" #> [1153] "guided" "by" "no" "lights" #> [1157] "derived" "from" "official" "opportunities" #> [1161] "," "I" "shall" "again" #> [1165] "give" "way" "to" "my" #> [1169] "entire" "confidence" "in" "your" #> [1173] "discernment" "and" "pursuit" "of" #> [1177] "the" "public" "good" ";" #> [1181] "for" "I" "assure" "myself" #> [1185] "that" "whilst" "you" "carefully" #> [1189] "avoid" "every" "alteration" "which" #> [1193] "might" "endanger" "the" "benefits" #> [1197] "of" "an" "united" "and" #> [1201] "effective" "government" "," "or" #> [1205] "which" "ought" "to" "await" #> [1209] "the" "future" "lessons" "of" #> [1213] "experience" "," "a" "reverence" #> [1217] "for" "the" "characteristic" "rights" #> [1221] "of" "freemen" "and" "a" #> [1225] "regard" "for" "the" "public" #> [1229] "harmony" "will" "sufficiently" "influence" #> [1233] "your" "deliberations" "on" "the" #> [1237] "question" "how" "far" "the" #> [1241] "former" "can" "be" "impregnably" #> [1245] "fortified" "or" "the" "latter" #> [1249] "be" "safely" "and" "advantageously" #> [1253] "promoted" "." "To" "the" #> [1257] "foregoing" "observations" "I" "have" #> [1261] "one" "to" "add" "," #> [1265] "which" "will" "be" "most" #> [1269] "properly" "addressed" "to" "the" #> [1273] "House" "of" "Representatives" "." #> [1277] "It" "concerns" "myself" "," #> [1281] "and" "will" "therefore" "be" #> [1285] "as" "brief" "as" "possible" #> [1289] "." "When" "I" "was" #> [1293] "first" "honored" "with" "a" #> [1297] "call" "into" "the" "service" #> [1301] "of" "my" "country" "," #> [1305] "then" "on" "the" "eve" #> [1309] "of" "an" "arduous" "struggle" #> [1313] "for" "its" "liberties" "," #> [1317] "the" "light" "in" "which" #> [1321] "I" "contemplated" "my" "duty" #> [1325] "required" "that" "I" "should" #> [1329] "renounce" "every" "pecuniary" "compensation" #> [1333] "." "From" "this" "resolution" #> [1337] "I" "have" "in" "no" #> [1341] "instance" "departed" ";" "and" #> [1345] "being" "still" "under" "the" #> [1349] "impressions" "which" "produced" "it" #> [1353] "," "I" "must" "decline" #> [1357] "as" "inapplicable" "to" "myself" #> [1361] "any" "share" "in" "the" #> [1365] "personal" "emoluments" "which" "may" #> [1369] "be" "indispensably" "included" "in" #> [1373] "a" "permanent" "provision" "for" #> [1377] "the" "executive" "department" "," #> [1381] "and" "must" "accordingly" "pray" #> [1385] "that" "the" "pecuniary" "estimates" #> [1389] "for" "the" "station" "in" #> [1393] "which" "I" "am" "placed" #> [1397] "may" "during" "my" "continuance" #> [1401] "in" "it" "be" "limited" #> [1405] "to" "such" "actual" "expenditures" #> [1409] "as" "the" "public" "good" #> [1413] "may" "be" "thought" "to" #> [1417] "require" "." "Having" "thus" #> [1421] "imparted" "to" "you" "my" #> [1425] "sentiments" "as" "they" "have" #> [1429] "been" "awakened" "by" "the" #> [1433] "occasion" "which" "brings" "us" #> [1437] "together" "," "I" "shall" #> [1441] "take" "my" "present" "leave" #> [1445] ";" "but" "not" "without" #> [1449] "resorting" "once" "more" "to" #> [1453] "the" "benign" "Parent" "of" #> [1457] "the" "Human" "Race" "in" #> [1461] "humble" "supplication" "that" "," #> [1465] "since" "He" "has" "been" #> [1469] "pleased" "to" "favor" "the" #> [1473] "American" "people" "with" "opportunities" #> [1477] "for" "deliberating" "in" "perfect" #> [1481] "tranquillity" "," "and" "dispositions" #> [1485] "for" "deciding" "with" "unparalleled" #> [1489] "unanimity" "on" "a" "form" #> [1493] "of" "government" "for" "the" #> [1497] "security" "of" "their" "union" #> [1501] "and" "the" "advancement" "of" #> [1505] "their" "happiness" "," "so" #> [1509] "His" "divine" "blessing" "may" #> [1513] "be" "equally" "conspicuous" "in" #> [1517] "the" "enlarged" "views" "," #> [1521] "the" "temperate" "consultations" "," #> [1525] "and" "the" "wise" "measures" #> [1529] "on" "which" "the" "success" #> [1533] "of" "this" "Government" "must" #> [1537] "depend" "." #> #> 1793-Washington : #> [1] "Fellow" "citizens" "," "I" #> [5] "am" "again" "called" "upon" #> [9] "by" "the" "voice" "of" #> [13] "my" "country" "to" "execute" #> [17] "the" "functions" "of" "its" #> [21] "Chief" "Magistrate" "." "When" #> [25] "the" "occasion" "proper" "for" #> [29] "it" "shall" "arrive" "," #> [33] "I" "shall" "endeavor" "to" #> [37] "express" "the" "high" "sense" #> [41] "I" "entertain" "of" "this" #> [45] "distinguished" "honor" "," "and" #> [49] "of" "the" "confidence" "which" #> [53] "has" "been" "reposed" "in" #> [57] "me" "by" "the" "people" #> [61] "of" "united" "America" "." #> [65] "Previous" "to" "the" "execution" #> [69] "of" "any" "official" "act" #> [73] "of" "the" "President" "the" #> [77] "Constitution" "requires" "an" "oath" #> [81] "of" "office" "." 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